Cumberland Infant School

Physical Development

Moving and Handling

  • Moves freely and with pleasure and confidence in a range of ways, such as slithering, shuffling, rolling, crawling, walking, running, jumping, skipping, sliding and hopping.
  • Mounts stairs, steps or climbing equipment using alternate feet.
  • Walks downstairs, two feet to each step while carrying a small object.
  • Runs skilfully and negotiates space successfully, adjusting speed or direction to avoid obstacles.
  • Can stand momentarily on one foot when shown.
  • Can catch a large ball. • Draws lines and circles using gross motor movements.
  • Uses one-handed tools and equipment, e.g. makes snips in paper with child scissors.
  • Holds pencil between thumb and two fingers, no longer using whole-hand grasp
  • Holds pencil near point between first two fingers and thumb and uses it with good control.
  • Can copy some letters, e.g. letters from their name.
  • Experiments with different ways of moving.
  • Jumps off an object and lands appropriately.
  • Negotiates space successfully when playing racing and chasing games with other children, adjusting speed or changing direction to avoid obstacles.
  • Travels with confidence and skill around, under, over and through balancing and climbing equipment.
  • Shows increasing control over an object in pushing, patting, throwing, catching or kicking it.
  • Uses simple tools to effect changes to materials.
  • Handles tools, objects, construction and malleable materials safely and with increasing control.
  • Shows a preference for a dominant hand.
  • Begins to use anticlockwise movement and retrace vertical lines.
  • Begins to form recognisable letters.
  • Uses a pencil and holds it effectively to form recognisable letters, most of which are correctly formed.

Early Learning Goal

 Children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements. They move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space. They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.

Health and Self-Care

  • Can tell adults when hungry or tired or when they want to rest or play.
  • Observes the effects of activity on their bodies.
  • Understands that equipment and tools have to be used safely.
  • Gains more bowel and bladder control and can attend to toileting needs most of the time themselves.
  • Can usually manage washing and drying hands.
  • Dresses with help, e.g. puts arms into open-fronted coat or shirt when held up, pulls up own trousers, and pulls up zipper once it is fastened at the bottom.
  • Eats a healthy range of foodstuffs and understands need for variety in food.
  • Usually dry and clean during the day.
  • Shows some understanding that good practices with regard to exercise, eating, sleeping and hygiene can contribute to good health.
  • Shows understanding of the need for safety when tackling new challenges, and considers and manages some risks.
  • Shows understanding of how to transport and store equipment safely.
  • Practices some appropriate safety measures without direct supervision.

Early Learning Goal

Children know the importance for good health of physical exercise, and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe. They manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.